The fresh new extension regarding cohabitation together with deinstitutionalization off matrimony keeps paralleled changes in guidelines. Through to the institutionalization from civil relationship, this new Chapel met with the private power to wed. This new institutionalization out of civil erica dates back with the avoid regarding the newest 19th century (Quilodran 2003). When you look at the Colombia, regulations regarding Relationship out-of 1853 solely accepted civil marriage and waived the fresh judge condition out-of canonical marriage. not, 3 years afterwards, canonical relationship restored their legality, but merely until 1862. From inside the 1887, Legislation legalized Catholic ). Not any longer courtroom changes concerning the matrimony taken place up until 1974. In this year, Law closed this new use of civil matrimony and you may accepted the newest civil nature out of Catholic marriage ceremonies instead demanding apostasy. Two years later, regulations off Separation and divorce for municipal marriages try observed.
The prients of cohabitation taken place ranging from 1968 and you may 2005, whenever numerous guidelines had been implemented to help you legitimately enhance the protection from cohabiting unions together with offspring of these unions. Cecilia’s Rules from inside the 1968 is the first one to control cohabitation. It rules founded paternal judge recognition of children produced regarding wedlock, offered legal protection to the people people and oriented paternal duty having their children. Rules equalized the fresh inheritance rights out-of “legitimate” and you can “illegitimate” children (Echeverry de Ferrufino 1984). Legislation centered brand new courtroom concept of an excellent consensual relationship as a Pohjois naiset avioliittoon great “connection between men and you can a female one, without being partnered, compose yet another and you will permanent area out of lives.” Additionally, it legislation regulated the home governance anywhere between long lasting people: property neighborhood is established if de facto marital commitment exceeds a time period of about 24 months off co-household ranging from a guy and a female with or without any court impediment out of marrying. When you look at the 1991, the brand new Colombian Structure situated the household once the heart away from society and you will on the other hand acknowledged the fresh new court legitimacy of consensual unions. The Structure equalized the newest liberties of and you may financial obligation on the youngsters no matter of the partnership reputation of its moms and dads. In the long run, Rules , and therefore partly changed Laws , established better methods to verify the clear presence of de facto ).
The newest respective census microdata come from IPUMS-Around the globe endeavor (Minnesota People Center 2014)
Profile eight.step one documents the increase in cohabitation into the Colombia given that 1973. So it profile shows the percentage of partnered feamales in cohabitation in respect so you’re able to many years during the last four Colombian populace censuses. The latest part of cohabitating female certainly feamales in connection reduces having decades. Cohabitation is much more common among young women than certainly one of more mature female even if cohabitation costs enhanced around the all age groups ranging from 1973 and you will 2005. The brand new percentage of cohabitating 20-year-dated hitched female enhanced out-of twenty-two % in order to 82 % between 1973 and 2005, and also for 29-year-dated feminine, the speed increased off 20 % so you’re able to 60 %. Getting old feminine, the rise during the cohabitation during this time is faster visible.
This type of right back-and-ahead alterations in matrimony laws show new stress within liberal and conventional actions inside last half of your 19th century
Part of partnered Colombian feminine already cohabiting from the decades and you may chose beginning cohorts about censuses from 1973 to 2005 (Source: Authors’ elaboration based on census samples regarding IPUMS-International)
The age character out-of cohabitation is the outcome of either an age feeling or good cohort impact. An era impression manage indicate that just like the some body ages, brand new changeover from cohabitation to relationships becomes more most likely. A great cohort perception indicates that with each the new age group going into the relationship industry, cohabitation is much more extensive and never really does necessarily decrease while the feminine years. Instead appropriate longitudinal studies, it is sometimes complicated to include a decisive answer away from and therefore impression try more powerful. not, due to the fact a secondary measurement, we could pursue cohorts through the years playing with additional censuses. The newest dotted lines in the Fig. eight.step 1 depict several cohorts of women by season of beginning. The results imply a very secure/apartment ages pattern however, within different profile with respect to the 12 months off delivery. Cohabitation is significantly highest certainly one of younger cohorts than certainly one of earlier of them. Cohabitation certainly hitched feminine born into the 1955 enjoys remained anywhere between 29 and 33 % anywhere between ages 18 and you can many years 29. Of women created when you look at the 1967, 56 % had been cohabiting during the decades 26 and forty-eight % during the age 38. These types of overall performance render obvious assistance to your cohort feeling: since the most women out of confirmed cohort possess inserted into an effective relationship (from the around age 29), cohabitation stays secure from the elderly age. This indicates the ages pattern we observe on cross-sectional check merely caused by the necessity of cohabitation whenever these women have been more youthful and you may getting into unions.